LEARN TOP 2000 WORDS FOR 90% POLISH COMPREHENSION
The Polish 2000 Words Flashcards are a digital Anki deck to help you learn the 2000 most common Polish words. Based on research by linguists Michael Lewis, Paul Nation, James Milton and Stephen Krashen, you will learn these 2000 top Polish words gradually in the context of real Polish sentences and basic Polish monolingual definitions.
After you learn the top 2000 words, you will be able to understand about 90% of any given text, according to the research findings of renowned linguist Paul Nation.
Also, when you master the top 2000 words, then you’ll be more likely to pass the A2 Beginner Polish Exam, according to linguist James Milton. This gives you a strong advantage to then pursue the Intermediate B levels of Polish.
Flashcards: 2000 (2000 Polish Words x 1 Card Type, each with 2 variations)
Time: Approx. 3-9 months to Complete
Difficulty: Beginners to Intermediate Level
2 FLASHCARD TYPES FOR EACH OF THE 2000 POLISH WORDS
Below, you can see the Top 2000 Polish Words Trainer for Anki in action. There are 2 different flashcard variations for each word, which are randomly shown. The trainer’s flashcards include grammatical gender colors, Part of Speech (POS), IPA, Frequency rank, audio of the word, Polish monolingual definition, example sentence, and hidden hints of English translations when you need extra help.
GET 90% POLISH COMPREHENSION WITH THE TOP 2000 WORDS
Research studies by linguists Professors Stuart Webb and Paul Nation have found that the top 2000 words account for 90% of the words used in general texts.
|Number of Words (According to Word Frequency)||Level of Comprehension|
|1000 words||About 75% comprehension of any kind of|
|2000 words||About 90% comprehension of any kind of text|
|6000-7000 words||About 98% comprehension of any kind of spoken material|
|8000-9000 words||About 98% comprehension of any kind of written material|
“Word frequency” refers to how frequent or how often a given word is used in a certain language. In Polish there are hundreds of thousands of words you could learn. But when we analyze the frequency of those words in speech, books and other media, we realize that not every word has the same value for learning.
If you want to learn a Polish faster, then you need to learn the words that are used most frequently in Polish. Paul Nation, a world-renowned vocabulary acquisition linguist researcher from Victoria University of Wellington, agrees with this. He emphasizes the need to use word frequency lists as guidelines to study vocabulary in a foreign language. If you learn about 2000 most frequently used words in a foreign language, then you’ll be able to understand 90% of the language as it is spoken in normal life, according to research. This is just one of several research studies that we use to determine which words to learn first and why.
REACH A2 CEFR LEVEL WITH ONLY 2000 WORDS
Linguist James Milton from Swansea University has done some interesting research to find out how many words are needed to pass certain levels of language tests based on the CEFR (Common European Framework Reference for Languages). The results are shown below:
There, you can see that if you learn about the top 2000 words, you are likely to pass the A2 CEFR language exam. The “A” levels of the CEFR refer to the beginner stages of a language, so it’s evident that learning roughly the top 2000 words in a foreign language will clearly take you into the intermediate stages of the language. Our aim with the Polish Top 2000 Words Flashcards is to get you to A2 CEFR level. We therefore recommend learning the 2000 most common Polish words before learning additional words.
BENEFITS OF THE 2000 TOP POLISH WORDS TRAINER
Learn 2000 Most Common Words in Polish with Sentence Examples
Start learning the top 2000 Polish vocab, using sentence examples. There’s no need to rely on English translations so you can think in Polish faster. The Trainer includes a sentence example for every word, the audio of the new word, the IPA of the word, and a monolingual Polish definition of the word so that you start building more networks of associated Polish vocab in your mind.
Pronounce All Polish 2000 Words Correctly With Polish Audios
Each flashcard contains an audio of the Polish word spoken to help you pronounce correctly the word in the right accent. The flashcard will also contain the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) of the word, along with the IPA of that full sentence to help you know the standard pronunciation.
Test Your Knowledge of Polish Vocabulary
Use spaced repetition included in our Polish Vocab Anki deck so that you can regularly check your knowledge of words, and see how you’re progressing, and focus only on the most difficult words. By using the Polish Top 2000 Words Flashcards, you’ll reach 90% Polish comprehension.
BONUS: Remember Genders of Polish Words Easily with Colors
Some words in Polish have genders that you need to remember. These genders can be difficult to recall because English does not have word genders. That’s why we have color coded masculine words as Blue, feminine words as Red, neuter words as Beige, and non-gender words as Gray. Your brain will associate the colors with the words, and therefore make it easier for you to remember the genders. So you speak with more confidence.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
- Why are there no pictures for the Top 2000 Words Flashcards deck?
- What are the differences between the 625 Words Flashcards and the Top 2000 Words Flashcards?
- Should I learn more than 2000 words?
WHY ARE THERE NO PICTURES FOR THE TOP 2000 WORDS DECK?
The Polish Top 2000 Words Flashcards use sentence-based cards and monolingual definitions as the main way for you to learn Polish. We do not include pictures in the Top 2000 Words Flashcards for them for 2 core reasons:
1. Think in PolishUsing Polish-only Content
Firstly, we focus on Polish sentences and Polish definitions with the 2000 Words Flashcards because we believe that you need to eventually ease yourself into Polish-only content. If you already studied the picture-based 625 words flashcards, then it is certainly time for you to move on to actual Polish sentences. Eventually, you will want to read native Polish books and articles, as well as listen to native Polish broadcasts, conversations and music. These are all are only in Polish, and all of the communication in them is mainly through sentences. Not random, individual words. So, we want to help you become familiar with Polish-only content, and that’s why our flashcards use Polish sentences.
We also provide you with Polish monolingual definitions for each of the flashcards. This means that if you have trouble understanding the meaning of the word in the sentence, then you can also read the basic Polish definition we provide. This helps you get familiar with synonyms, and builds a network of words in your brain that help to describe and reinforce newer ones. If you still have trouble, we also provide the English translation as a hidden hint, but you’re encouraged to first try and understand the Polish sentence on its own, along with the monolingual Polish definition.
Overall, we are trying to help you think in Polish. That’s why we now remove your reliance on pictures and the English language, because real life Polish content will often not give those to you.
2. Learn “Chunks” Based on Research From Linguists Michael Lewis & Stephen Krashen
Secondly, the Top 2000 Words Flashcards contain the exact words that are the most frequently used in Polish. So, this includes abstract words that are difficult to visualize and represent with a picture. We believe the best way to actually learn these abstract words is through understanding the meaning they provide in real Polish sentence “chunks”, as promoted by linguist Michael Lewis.
We have based these flashcards on research by linguists Michael Lewis and Stephen Krashen. Lewis emphasized that if you want to learn a language, then you need to understand sentence “chunks” of the language. It’s not enough to learn words on their own. Krashen’s “input hypothesis” states that learners progress in their knowledge of the language when they understand language input that is slightly more advanced than their current level. That is why you will focus on acquiring new Polish words in the context of real Polish sentences and basic Polish monolingual definitions.
WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE 625 WORDS AND TOP 2000 WORDS?
Although it is up to you whether you would like to use both the 625 Words Flashcards and the Top 2000 Words Flashcards, there are a few things to consider before deciding whether you want to learn the 625 words first before learning the top 2000 words. Other than the obvious difference of the number of words found in each deck, there are 2 main differences in the 625 Words Flashcards and the Top 2000 Words Flashcards. The first is how the words are learned and the second is the source of the frequency list used. Below we’ll go into further detail of each difference.
1. Learning Using Picture-based Words Vs Sentence-based Words
You may be wondering why we offer 2 flashcard decks for Polish vocabulary: 1) Picture-Based 625 Words Flashcards, and 2) Sentence-Based 2000 Words Flashcards.
The 625 Words Flashcards are intended to be the first step to learning Polish vocabulary as it is picture-based and therefore easier to learn for beginners. It includes only words (verbs, nouns and adjectives) that are easily visually represented with an image. After you learn the 625 words, you will be able to think in very basic Polish and identify and say several words of objects and other things in the real world.
Whereas, the Top 2000 Words Flashcards are sentence-based and they are the next logical step for learning Polish vocabulary in the context of example sentences and monolingual definitions. We include a very simple yet useful sentence to learn each word. The sentence only contains the use of words found in the 625 words and the top 2000 words, making it easier to learn and a great way to transition to learning Polish grammar. This is also why learning the 625 words first would be useful. After learning the 2000 top Polish words, you are estimated to reach the Polish A2 CEFR level, along with 90% comprehension of texts. You will be able to understand and produce Polish sentences to communicate with Polish speakers.
We recommend that you learn the Polish 625 words first if you are completely new to learning Polish, if you would like an easy transition to Polish vocabulary and to get the most out of this deck.
2. Differences with Frequency Lists Used and Where Words are Sourced
The second main difference between the 625 Words Flashcards and the Top 2000 Words Flashcards is the frequency list used for each. It is important to note is that the 625 words are inspired by the Fluent Forever word list, although we have made some tweaks and improvements where necessary. As the 625 words flashcards are picture-based, you’ll only find commonly used words that can be easily represented with a picture in this deck.
The top 2000 words on the other hand, are derived from a combination of the most popular corpora and comprehensive word frequency lists of the most common words in a language. These include, but are not limited to the following: the Corpus of Contemporary American English, British National Corpus, and the Routledge Frequency Dictionary series in various languages. We also use our own technology and proprietary process to scour millions of webpages, and billions of words in the target language to determine the frequency of words.
A few of the words found in the 625 Words Flashcards do overlap but not all of them will be found in the Top 2000 Words Flashcards. The top 2000 words include both words that are abstract and words that can be easily represented with a picture. The top 2000 words will automatically be culturally and linguistically relevant for Polish because these are the popular words that actual Polish native speakers use.
SHOULD I LEARN MORE THAN 2000 WORDS?
SHOULD I LEARN MORE THAN 2000 WORDS?
You can learn more than 2000 words, but you will get the highest yield on your effort with the first 2000 Polish words. Take a read of the linguistic research of Paul Nation and James Milton, and you’ll conclude that learning the top 2000 words gives you the best return on you effort. If you learn up to 7000 words, you only retain 8% more of the language as compared to learning 2000 words where you learn 90%. Also, you’ll take much longer to learn all 7000 words with smaller gains as compared to learning the top 2000 words. Once you start learning more than the top 2000 words, it will take much more of your time and you’ll be learning words that are less frequently used.
It’s clear that you need to master the 2000 most common Polish words first before learning rare vocabulary. For example, if you’re a beginner, you’re better off learning very common words like “go”, “want”, “have”, “food”, “house”, “mother” and “father” because you’re more likely to use these words in a range of contexts. If you haven’t mastered these words and other top 2000 words, then don’t waste time memorizing rarer words like “tumble”, “whisper”, “crawl”, “durian”, “mangosteen”, “great-grandmother” and “father-in-law”. It’s very unlikely that you’ll ever use these words as a beginner. So, please don’t spend any time on these these rarer words, until you’ve mastered the first 2000 words, or unless these rarer words are so personally important to you and you absolutely need them.
Once you have completed learning the top 2000 words, we recommend learning words that you come across in media, literature and everyday life, rather than using a frequency list to add thousands of additional words. This will allow you to learn new words that are relevant to you. For example, if you are learning Polish for your career, you may want to add additional words that are commonly used in your work. But only do this once you’ve learned and mastered the 2000 top Polish words.
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