How to Speak With a Polish Accent
When you begin to learn Polish, there are so many elements that you need to know in order to communicate properly and to be understood by Polish native speakers. Developing your Polish accent is just one of them. Failing to have a good Polish accent means you may be pronouncing words incorrectly and as a result, you may be misunderstood or feel embarrassed. This is why improving your Polish accent is so important. Learning how to speak with a Polish accent should be one of the first steps in learning Polish because it helps you build the foundations of the Polish language and to minimize any bad habits that you may carry over from your native language into Polish.
What are Accents?
An accent is the distinct way a person or a group of people pronounce a language. Accents stem from a person’s history, identity and culture.
The first thing to understand is that everyone talks a little bit differently. Take for example when we talk in English, there are so many different ways of speaking English. Whether you’re from New Zealand, Australia, UK or the United States, there are differences in the accent of native speakers. Furthermore, even if we review the English accent in the UK, there are so many different types of accents in the UK itself, depending on the area and people’s social and educational background.
In addition, there are also idiosyncratic aspects of speaking to take into account. Men often talk differently to women. Different age groups speak differently. Also, people with different personalities speak differently and so forth.
Therefore, it’s important that you learn about Polish accents so that you can proactively choose and speak with a Polish accent that is the most relevant for you. Also, if you know about the different kinds of Polish accents, then you can measure and compare yourself against the standard Polish accent for a given context so that you can communicate well and be understood.
How to Speak With a Polish Accent in 5 Steps
Now that we understand what is an accent and why accents are important to learn, we can now start improving our Polish accent using simple methods outlined below:
Step 1: Select Accent
If you want learn how to speak with a Polish accent then the first thing you should do is choose exactly how you want to speak. Because there are so many different variations of the Polish accent, it is important to choose what type of Polish accent you would like to have. This means choosing exactly what you want to imitate, what you want to replicate in your own speech.
Start by listening to a range of Polish native speakers and narrow down the type of accent you would like to have.
Step 2: Select a Polish Accent Role Model
The second step is to select a Polish Accent Role Model. A Polish Accent Role Model is a specific person you are using as an example or role model to replicate and imitate. This person should be a Polish native speaker and have an accent that you would like to acquire.
This person may be someone you intimately know, like a partner, parent or friend. If this is not a suitable option, it could also be someone famous or a public figure. It is important to consider a Polish accent role model who you are able to have access to numerous audios and videos of the person speaking in Polish. This is important as you will use examples of the Role Model speaking in Polish to help you speak with a Polish accent.
Step 3: Shadowing Polish
The third and final step is to start shadowing Polish speakers and Polish “role models” of your choosing. Shadowing is a method that language learners can use to help improve their Polish accent and Polish pronunciation. Shadowing in Polish is essentially all about imitation and replication. You can learn more about the specific method here (link to another article on shadowing).
Start listening to Polish native speakers all the time and try to pronounce their words and sentences as you hear them. Record yourself speaking the same sentences and listen back to them to hear the differences. When you listen to them, try to pay attention to how they pronounce the words. Try to take notice of the sounds of the vowels, the sounds of the consonants, the way that the intonation patterns flow. Pay attention to the difference between what’s coming out of your mouth and what’s coming into your ears. You should be able to hear the differences between how you speak and how they speak.
You need to be able to listen well to see if you can hear everything. Then, if you’re able to understand everything, that means that your ears are picking up all of the sounds. Your aim is to perceive all the sounds that you can. Overall, it’s a matter of listening to the sounds coming out of your mouth and comparing those sounds that are coming out of the native speaker’s mouth. Then, you’ll notice the deviations so that you can and then align your accent and pronunciation with that of the native speaker.
Step 4: Ongoing Accent Practice
Next, it’s all about practicing your accent and pronunciation. At the end of the day, producing sounds with your mouth is a physical skill just like riding a bicycle or learning to swim. Your Polish accent is a skill that can be practiced and learned. So, you need to do the physical practice in order to get it right. It is a matter of experimenting by moving around your tongue, moving around your jaw, moving around your throat – until everything sounds like what you hear from a Polish native speaker.
Step 5: Fine-Tuning Your Polish Pronunciation
If you’re still having trouble learning and practicing all of the Polish sounds, then you can also take advantage of audio-based flashcards. You can use these on your computer or phone, and they’re a great way to improve your Polish accent incrementally and consistently.
We suggest using Anki, which is a powerful and free flashcards software. Anki comes with a super-useful spaced repetition algorithm, which is based on proven research about how our brains and memories work. You could use Anki and Polish pronunciation flashcards to help fine-tune your Polish accent over time.
I’m Still Having Trouble With My Polish Accent?
If you have been shadowing Polish for 6 months or more, your accent should get very good. However if you are still struggling and it is still not working, at that point you may need to go back to the basics of Polish pronunciation. This means studying the foundations of Polish sounds through the Polish alphabet, Polish IPA, and Polish minimal pairs.
Fortunately, there are already pre-made Anki flashcards for the Polish Alphabet, Polish IPA Pronunciation, and the Polish Minimal Pairs. These will save you a lot of time trying to make these specialized audio-flashcards for yourself. All of these are geared to teaching you how to speak with a Polish accent. After just a few weeks or months, you’ll discover that you’ll be able to perceive sounds you could not hear properly before, and then your mouth and tongue will be able to enunciate Polish sounds better. You’ll also find that you will be able to self-correct your pronunciation mistakes. With Anki’s spaced repetition algorithm, you’ll be able to remember proper pronunciations in your long-term memory so you can continue learning Polish with greater ease.
If after all of this, you are still having problems learning how to speak with a Polish accent, then you may need to look into potential speech impediments and whether you think this may be the problem. If you believe this is the problem you can go about fixing your speech impediment the same way Polish native speakers with speech impediments go about addressing this. Speaking to a speech specialist or a specialized Polish accent coach at this point may be helpful.